Definition of KPI
It is the financial and non-financial metric used by the firms to gauge and fortify the success, towards the goals of the organization. The key performance indicator is used at different levels by an enterprise to track the progress of the firm.. It plays the role that helps in understanding whether the company has chosen the right way to reach the final aim or not.
Different types of organization have different performance indicators, such as the KPI of a business entity can be income percent. Likewise, the pass out rates of the students is the key performance indicator of a school. Therefore, it can be anything like profit, cost, turnover, consumer satisfaction, customer base, customer attrition, employee turnover ratio, employee satisfaction and so forth.
Definition of KRA
It is the fundamental areas of the outcome, for which a department is accountable. It is the strategic factor, implicit or explicit to the firm, from where favorable outcomes can be attained, to reach the final goal and take a step ahead towards the organization’s vision.
In human resource management, KRA implies the metrics set by the organization for a specific role. Therefore, it highlights the scope of the job profile. It helps the employees in understanding the role and responsibilities, in a better way. So, it needed to be clearly determined and quantified, so that the employee can line up their role with that of the aim of the firm.

Key Differences between KPI and KRA
  1. Key Result Area can be described as the essential areas of business that requires excellent performance to obtain the favorable result, to survive and grow in the industry. On the other hand, Key Performance Indicator, or otherwise called as KPI is a performance metric, used by the organization to ascertain how effectively the firm is performing.
  2. Key result area is a strategic business unit, wherein great efforts are needed to achieve success. As against, the key performance indicator is a metric that gauges the level to which business goals are achieved.
  3. KPI is a quantifiable measure, meaning that it gauges the performance of a product, service or the business unit in the market, in quantitative terms. On the contrary, KRA is qualitative in nature, in the sense that it determines the areas that can help in attaining high value for the organization.
  4. The key result area is used to find out the scope of a particular product or unit. In contrast, key performance indicator measures the success of the organization towards goals at various levels.